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Biography Of Jawaharlal Nehru


Jawaharlal Nehru, often referred to as Pandit Nehru, was a prominent leader in the Indian independence movement and the first Prime Minister of independent India. Born on November 14, 1889, in Allahabad, Nehru hailed from a wealthy Kashmiri Brahmin family. He was educated in England, studying at Harrow and Cambridge, and was called to the bar at the Inner Temple.

Nehru was deeply influenced by Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violence and civil disobedience. He played a pivotal role in uniting the Indian National Congress and mobilizing the masses against British colonial rule. Nehru’s eloquence and leadership skills made him a popular figure in the nationalist movement.

After India gained independence in 1947, Nehru became the country’s first Prime Minister, serving from 1947 until his death in 1964. As Prime Minister, he prioritized social and economic reforms, laying the foundation for India’s democratic institutions and secular state. Nehru’s vision for a modern, industrialized India led to the establishment of institutions of higher learning, scientific research centers, and infrastructure projects.

Nehru’s foreign policy emphasized non-alignment and building relationships with other newly independent nations. He was instrumental in shaping the non-aligned movement during the Cold War era, advocating for global peace and cooperation.

His daughter, Indira Gandhi, later went on to become Prime Minister of India. Jawaharlal Nehru’s legacy remains deeply ingrained in India’s political and social fabric, and he is remembered as one of the architects of modern India’s democratic and secular identity.

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